Why do so many Egyptian statues have broken noses?

Pairing damaged statues and reliefs dating from the 25th century BC to the 1st century AD with intact counterparts, the show testifies to ancient Egyptian artifacts’ political and religious functions — and the entrenched culture of iconoclasm that led to their mutilation.

…”The consistency of the patterns where damage is found in sculpture suggests that it’s purposeful,” Bleiberg said, citing myriad political, religious, personal and criminal motivations for acts of vandalism. Discerning the difference between accidental damage and deliberate vandalism came down to recognizing such patterns. A protruding nose on a three-dimensional statue is easily broken, he conceded, but the plot thickens when flat reliefs also sport smashed noses.

…”Egyptian state religion,” Bleiberg explained, was seen as “an arrangement where kings on Earth provide for the deity, and in return, the deity takes care of Egypt.” Statues and reliefs were “a meeting point between the supernatural and this world,” he said, only inhabited, or “revivified,” when the ritual is performed. And acts of iconoclasm could disrupt that power.

“The damaged part of the body is no longer able to do its job,” Bleiberg explained. Without a nose, the statue-spirit ceases to breathe, so that the vandal is effectively “killing” it. To hammer the ears off a statue of a god would make it unable to hear a prayer. In statues intended to show human beings making offerings to gods, the left arm — most commonly used to make offerings — is cut off so the statue’s function can’t be performed (the right hand is often found axed in statues receiving offerings).

…Indeed, “iconoclasm on a grand scale…was primarily political in motive,” Bleiberg writes in the exhibition catalog for “Striking Power.” Defacing statues aided ambitious rulers (and would-be rulers) with rewriting history to their advantage. 

…”Hatshepsut’s reign presented a problem for the legitimacy of Thutmose III’s successor, and Thutmose solved this problem by virtually eliminating all imagistic and inscribed memory of Hatshepsut,” Bleiberg writes.

…Nefertiti and her daughters also suffered; these acts of iconoclasm have obscured many details of her reign.

…”Imagery in public space is a reflection of who has the power to tell the story of what happened and what should be remembered,” Bleiberg said. “We are witnessing the empowerment of many groups of people with different opinions of what the proper narrative is.” Perhaps we can learn from the pharaohs; how we choose to rewrite our national stories might just take a few acts of iconoclasm.

Why do so many Egyptian statues have broken noses? – CNN Style



Nikki Haley is criticized for her comment on health care in Finland

“Health care costs are too high that is true but comparing us to Finland is ridiculous,” Haley tweeted. ” Ask them how their health care is. You won’t like their answer.”

…”Finland has a high performing health system, with remarkable good quality in both primary and hospital care. The country also achieves good health status at relatively low level of health spending,” Kai Sauer tweeted. He added that the United Nations describes Finland as having the world’s third-lowest infant mortality rate and the lowest maternal mortality.

…Despite significantly higher health care spending than Finland, the United States has the worst overall child mortality rate compared with 19 other wealthy nations in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, according to a study published last year in the journal Health Affairs.

…And it does not fare well either when it comes to the maternal mortality rate for women. In the US, it’s 14 per 100,000 women — nearly five times higher than Finland, which is three, according to the World Health Organization. The number puts the United States in the company of several nations, including Uruguay and Serbia.

…When it comes to under-five mortality rates, Finland has 2.3 deaths per 1,000 live births, according to the United Nations Children’s Fund, while the US has 6.6 per 1,000 live births for the same age group.

Nikki Haley is criticized for her comment on health care in Finland – CNN


Dems warn of subpoena if Mueller report and evidence not turned over to Congress – CNNPolitics

On a conference call with members Saturday, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said that she would reject a classified briefing for the congressional intelligence leaders known as the “gang of eight” to convey information about Mueller’s report, arguing that lawmakers must be free to discuss it publicly.

…The talking points include details about why they believe there’s precedent supporting the release of a report, pointing to the hiring of a special counsel in 1999 to investigate the 1993 incident in Waco, Texas. They also point to precedent involving the Justice Department providing 880,000 pages of internal material last year to the House as part of the GOP probe into the FBI’s Hillary Clinton investigation — as well as the department providing records to the Hill over the Watergate probe.

Dems warn of subpoena if Mueller report and evidence not turned over to Congress – CNNPolitics


Read AOC’s Clap Back To Jared Kushner And Rejoice

Democrats unveiled statements made by Kushner’s attorney Thursday that alleged Trump’s son-in-law used WhatsApp to communicate with foreign leaders. The letter, obtained by Politico and  released by Rep. Elijah Cummings, also accused Ivanka Trump and other Trump staffers of using private email servers.

…“The irony of this is that the president ran his whole presidential campaign accusing Hillary Clinton of having a private server and having communications, and here you have something that’s much worse. You have communications with foreign leaders on platforms that aren’t official U.S. platforms, that put sensitive information at risk.”

Read AOC’s Clap Back To Jared Kushner And Rejoice