Fat dogs teach humans new tricks about obesity: Hungarian study

“We expected the overweight dog to do anything to get food, but in this test, we saw the opposite. The overweight dogs took a negative view,” test leader Orsolya Torda said.

“If a situation is uncertain and they cannot find food, the obese dogs are unwilling to invest energy to search for food – for them the main thing is to find the right food with least energy involved.”

The behavior had possible parallels with overweight people who see food as a reward, said the paper published in the Royal Society Open Science journal.

Fat dogs teach humans new tricks about obesity: Hungarian study

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NASA’s leader wants to privatize the International Space Station. It’s a remarkably terrible idea.

It’s difficult to come up with a business model for the space station that doesn’t either guarantee corporate profit — obviating any notional cost savings — or encourage business managers to cut corners, potentially endangering the safety of astronauts.

NASA’s leader wants to privatize the International Space Station. It’s a remarkably terrible idea. – Vox

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Do smartphones increase the rate of mental illness?

In just the five years between 2010 and 2015, the number of U.S. teens who felt useless and joyless – classic symptoms of depression – surged 33 percent in large national surveys. Teen suicide attempts increased 23 percent. Even more troubling, the number of 13- to 18-year-olds who committed suicide jumped 31 percent.

…Not only did smartphone use and depression increase in tandem, but time spent online was linked to mental health issues across two different data sets. We found that teens who spent five or more hours a day online were 71 percent more likely than those who spent less than an hour a day to have at least one suicide risk factor (depression, thinking about suicide, making a suicide plan or attempting suicide). Overall, suicide risk factors rose significantly after two or more hours a day of time online.

Do smartphones cause mental illness? | NOLA.com

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A third of Americans are on drugs that could make them depressed – and they probably don’t know it

As many as one third of Americans may be unwittingly taking drugs that can cause depression as a side effect, new research suggests.

Many are taking several of these medications at once, doubling the risk that they will experience depression while on the pill cocktail.

Nearly a quarter of people in the US take three or more prescription drugs, and almost 20 percent of adults are depressed.

A third of Americans are on drugs that could make them depressed – and they probably don’t know it | Daily Mail Online

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US Health Officials’ New Plan to Fight the Opioid Crisis: Stop Chronic Pain Before It Starts

The plan is comprised of two main parts: funding for projects that will help develop or facilitate treatments for opioid addiction and overdose, and funding for programs meant to improve the management of pain via research into how acute pain becomes chronic pain (with the hope that someday we can stop that from happening), as well as the development of new, nonaddictive pain treatments.

…For instance, though there are three approved drugs to help people wean off opioids (methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone), Collins and the others note that most people living with opioid addiction never actually get started on these treatments, and of those who do, 50 percent relapse within half a year.

“Research to reformulate these medications to improve adherence, as well as to develop new, more flexible therapies, is needed to help those who have opioid use disorder,” the authors wrote.

US Health Officials’ New Plan to Fight the Opioid Crisis: Stop Chronic Pain Before It Starts

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