Puerto Rico Concedes Hurricane Maria Killed 1,400 People

Puerto Rico Concedes= Hurricane Maria Killed 1,400 People | Time

this cannot be a surprise to anyone who paid any attention.


Immigrant debate wrongly includes indigenous people

We have been very focused these days on immigration and there has been much ink spilled on the matter. But there is a portion of this debate that presumes that all people living in North America are immigrants, even Native Peoples. 

…The way in which the United States has mistreated our ancestors is beyond tragic – it is by today’s standards, criminal. Terms like genocide, ethnic cleansing, dispossession, cultural genocide are how we should teach the true history of the United States. Let’s stop kidding ourselves by telling each other fairy tales, and truly embrace the reality of the past, not to create a sense of national guilt or embarrassment, but more so that we don’t repeat those same mistakes.

Immigrant debate wrongly includes indigenous people


Jared Kushner Is Already Failing at Plan B of His Middle East Peace Efforts

Trump’s son-in-law Jared Kushner has been unable to deliver a Middle East peace plan, already shifting gears to helping Gaza with its humanitarian crisis. But now he appears to be defaulting on his plan B as well.

…Trump entrusted Kushner, who had no prior diplomatic experience, with the hefty task of forging peace in the Middle East. Kushner has made more than a dozen trips to the region over the past 18 months but still has not introduced a peace plan.

“We have the plan ready—mostly ready—and when the time is right, we’ll bring it out,” Kushner said before the conflict in Gaza approached the brink of war.

Jared Kushner Is Already Failing at Plan B of His Middle East Peace Efforts

well, money can buy a lot of things, competence isn’t one of them though…

Norway’s Melting Ice Patches Offer a New Glimpse Into History

Ice patches are similar to glaciers in that they’re long-living hunks of ice replenished by snow each winter. But they differ in that they don’t move. That means that any artifacts left on them are simply entombed in the ice rather than ground to a fine dust, which is what happens to artifacts trapped in glaciers as they slide down the mountain.

Now that climate change is causing ice to melt, those artifacts are once again seeing the light of day after thousands of frozen years. In case of Oppland, Norway, some artifacts have been dated back to 6,000 years ago.

The wealth of artifacts recovered in Oppland (or any ice patch for that matter) are delicate and after centuries of life without air, they degrade and can be destroyed by the elements in a matter of days if nobody finds them. That makes the scientists’ work equal parts detective and EMT.

…The earliest artifacts date to 6,000 years ago, which Barrett said are unique in their own right. But the artifact record that allows the scientists to spin their historical yarn begins to pick up steam in the third century.

That’s a period when agriculture and economic activity started to take hold in the valleys populated by Nordic people.

…The number of artifacts peaked in the Viking Age, which lasted from around the late eighth century until the early 10th century. During this period, exploration was the name of the game. Ships were setting out across the sea, contributing to a larger trading economy that was in part driven by natural resources brought down from the mountains.

Norway’s Melting Ice Patches Offer a New Glimpse Into History


In Ireland, Drought And A Drone Revealed The Outline Of An Ancient Henge

Crops are fading in the drought. And the unusual weather circumstances made the remarkable photos possible, Murphy explains.

“In the late Neolithic, people would have built this henge out of timber,” he says. Imagine massive posts — possibly whole tree trunks — planted in pits and postholes.

“Over time, when the monument fell out of use, the wood all rots away and the holes kind of fill up with organic material,” he said. “But they leave a sort of a fingerprint, or a footprint.” Archaeologists can see it in soil samples. And, in a drought, you can see the impact on crops.

“Those filled-in holes retain a slight amount more moisture than the surrounding soil,” Murphy says. “The crop that is growing out of those features has a very small advantage in terms of additional water and it’s very slightly healthier.”

In normal weather, the difference is undetectable — that’s why Murphy had flown drones overhead before without noticing it. And even in a drought, it’s too subtle to see from the ground.

But combine the dry spell with the aerial view, and suddenly the outline is obvious.

In Ireland, Drought And A Drone Revealed The Outline Of An Ancient Henge : NPR


Artifacts from Central Texas site date back 16,000 years

Newly discovered prehistoric Native American artifacts found in the dirt near Florence date back 16,000 years which makes them the oldest man-fashioned tools ever found in North America.

…Gault bears evidence of continuous human occupation beginning at least 16,000 years ago, and now perhaps earlier, which makes it one of a few but growing number of archaeological sites in the Americas where scientists have discovered evidence of human occupation dating to centuries before the appearance of the Clovis culture at the end of the last ice age about 13,500 years ago.

…Collins says evidence at Gault shows “cultural manifestations at least two thousand years before the appearance of Clovis.”

…For decades archaeologists have subscribed to the “land bridge” theory when considering how man got to this continent.

But what GSAR and others now suggest is this part of the world was populated far earlier than first thought and those who were here back then probably got here by boat, not land bridge.

Most who study the issue believe Clovis technology spread through the indigenous population as those “Clovis” people moved across the land, but Collins now believes “Within a wider context, this evidence suggests that Clovis technology spread across an already regionalized, indigenous population,” he wrote.

…”The site was occupied intensively during all major periods of the prehistoric era,” an article published in Texas Beyond History, says.

Artifacts from Central Texas site date back 16,000 years